Taekwondo Terminology

While Taekwondo has gone international, it is still the Martial Arts of Korea embodying the philosophy, history and traditions of the Korean people. In this respect, students of Professional Taekwondo Gambia are expected to acquaint themselves with the Korean terminology of Taekwondo. What is listed below is just a sample intended to initiate the student in this journey.

A. Hand Techniques.
Korean:

  1. Eolgul Makki
  2. Momtong An MakKi
  3. Momtong Bakat Makki
  4. Ahre Makki
  5. Kawi Makki
  6. Keumgang Makki
  7. Batang Son Nulla Makki
  8. Batang Son Yopuro Makki
  9. Hecho Makki
  10. Eolgul Otkolo Makki
  11. Ahre Otkolo Makki
  12. Momtong Jirugi
  13. Batang Son Chigi
  14. Eolgul Jirugi
  15. Ahre Jirugi
  16. Sonkut Sewer Chirugi
  17. Meju Mok Chigi
  18. Chi Jirugi
  19. Sonnal Mok Chigi
  20. Ahre hecho makki
English:

  1. Face block
  2. Inside middle block
  3. Outside middle block
  4. Low block
  5. Scissor block
  6. Diamond or hard block
  7. Palm press block
  8. Side palm press block
  9. Wedgeing block
  10. High x-block
  11. Low X block
  12. Middle punch
  13. Palm heel strike
  14. Face punch
  15. Low punch
  16. Vertical Spear-hand fingertip thrust
  17. Hammer fist
  18. Uppercut
  19. Knife-hand neck strike
  20. Double low block
B. Foot Techniques
Korean:

  1. Ap Chagi
  2. Bandal Chagi
  3. Dolyo Chagi
  4. Yop Chagi
  5. Dwi Chagi
  6. Naryo Chagi/li>
  7. Ap Cha Olligi
  8. Mom Dolyo/Dui Dolyo Chagi
English:

  1. Front kick
  2. Crescent kick
  3. Roundhouse kick
  4. Side kick
  5. Back kick
  6. Axe kick
  7. Front rising kick
  8. Spinning hook kick
C. Basic Commands and Terms.
Korean:

  1. Cha Ryut
  2. Kyung Ye
  3. Jun Be
  4. Ki Hap
  5. Do Jang
  6. Do Bok
  7. Shi Jak
  8. Sunbaenim
  9. Sabumnim
  10. Kwanjangnim
  11. Seogi
  12. Makki
  13. Jirugi
  14. Chigi
  15. Junbe Seogi
  16. Chagi
  17. Ahp Koupi Seogi
  18. Dwi Koupi Ki Seogi
  19. Ju Chum Seo Ki
  20. Baro
  21. Shyeo
  22. Mooknyeom
  23. Haesan
English:

  1. Attention
  2. Bow
  3. Ready
  4. Yell
  5. Training Space
  6. Uniform
  7. Begin
  8. Senior Student
  9. Master
  10. Head of a Kwan
  11. Stance
  12. Block
  13. Punch
  14. Strike
  15. Ready Stance
  16. Kick
  17. Forward Stance
  18. Back Stance
  19. Horse Riding Stance
  20. Return
  21. At ease
  22. Meditation
  23. Dismiss
D. Counting in Korean.
Korean English Korean English
Hana One Il First
Dul Two Yi Second
Set Three Sam Third
Net Four Sa Forth
Dassot Five Oh Fifth
Yassot Six Yook Sixth
Ilgup Seven Chil Seventh
Yodol Eight Pal Eighth
Ahop Nine Ku Ninth
Yull Ten Ship Tenth